Hades is the lord of the dead and ruler
of the nether world, which is referred to as the domain
of Hades or, by transference, as Hades alone.
is the son of Cronus and Rhea.
the three sons of Cronus divided the world among each other,
Hades was given the underworld, while his brothers Zeus
and Poseidon took the upperworld
and the sea respectively.
ruled the underworld together with Persephone, whom he abducted
from the upperworld. Zeus ordered him to release Persephone
back into the care of her mother Demeter, but before she
left he gave her a pomegranate.
she ate it, it bound her to the underworld forever.
sits on a throne made of ebony, and carries a scepter. He
also has a helmet, given to him by the Cyclopes,
which makes him invisible.
rules the dead, assisted by various (demonic) helpers, such
as Thanatos and Hypnos,
the ferryman Charon, and the
heroes from Greek mythology have descended into the underworld,
either to question the shades or trying to free them.
Hades does not allow his subjects to leave his domain, on
several occasions he has granted permission, such as the
time Orpheus requested the return
of his beloved Eurydice.
possesses the riches of the earth, and is referred to as
'the Rich One'. Possibly also because, as Sophocles writes,
'the gloomy Hades enriches himself with our sighs and our
all the gods, Hades is the one who is liked less and even
the gods themselves have an aversion of him. People avoided
speaking his name lest they attracted his unwanted attention.
With their faces averted they sacrificed black sheep, whose
blood they let drip into pits, and when they prayed to him,
they would bang their hands on the ground.
narcissus and the cypress are sacred to him.
names include Clymenus ('notorious'), Eubuleus
('well-guessing') and Polydegmon ('who receives many').