popular folklore, a man who is transformed, or who
transforms himself, into a wolf in nature and appearance
under the influence of a full moon.
is only active at night and during that period, he devours
infants and corpses. According to legend, werewolves
can be killed by silver objects such as silver arrows
a werewolf dies he assumes his human form again.
word is a contraction of the old-Saxon word wer (which means
"man") and wolf-werwolf, manwolf.
term often used to describe werewolves, however, is someone
who suffers from a mental disease and only thinks he has
changed into a wolf.
The concept of werewolves, or lycanthropes, is possibly
based on the myth of Lycaos. He was the king of Arcadia,
and in the time of the ancient Greeks notorious for his
cruelty. He tried to buy the favor of Zeus
by offering him the flesh of a young child. Zeus punished
him for this crime and turned him into a wolf.
legends of werewolves have been told since the ancient Greeks
and are known all over the world.
areas were the wolf is not so common, the believe in werewolves
is replaced by folklore where men can change themselves
in tigers, lions, bears and other fierce animals.
the dark Middle Ages, the Church had stigmatized the
wolf as the personification of evil and a servant of
Satan himself. The Church
courts managed to put so much pressure on schizophrenics,
epileptics and the mentally disabled, that they testified
to be werewolves and admitted to receive their orders
directly from Satan.
1270 it was even considered heretical not to belief
in the existence of werewolves. The charge of being
a werewolf disappeared from European courts around the
17th century, but only for the lack of evidence.
belief in werewolves, however, did not disappear: in
1992, 80 percent of the Russians still believed in werewolves.
Europe after 1600, it was generally believed that if there
were no werewolves, then at least the wolf was a creature
of evil. This resulted in a totally unjustified and negative
image of the wolf; an image that most people still have today.
In the subsequent centuries, in country after country, the
wolf was mercilessly hunted and killed.
lykanthropos - lykos wolf; anthropos human being; Wolfman.
Slavonic werewolf. The name comes from vlko, "wolf".
also my Werewolf
Chapter & my Wolf