by Dr Anthony E. Smith
of Cecrops, the half-dragon half-man creature. Sister
of Herse who was beloved by Hermes.
When Hermes visited Herse, Aglauros, who was jealous,
got in his way and said she would not move. The god took
her at her word and turned her into stone so she could
guardian of the eastern signs of the Japanese Zodiac.
old Welsh god. The official emblem of Wales, a red dragon,
is derived from the Great Red Serpent that once represented
the god Dewi.
In Korean mythology, a poor fisherman once caught a gigantic
carp but he set it free when it begged for mercy. Later
it turned out the be the son of the Dragon-King, the ruler
of the Ocean, who rewarded the fisherman richly. Carps
are revered in Japan and Korea as the symbol of youth,
bravery, perseverance, strength, and self-defense; all
qualities much admired, especially in warriors. The Koreans
also regard it as a symbol of wealth. The Dragon Carp
lived for a thousand years.
Long-wang The Chinese Dragon Kings, mythical figures from
Taoism. They are ruled by Yuan-shi
tian-zong to whom they submit their reports once a
year. They have jurisdiction over funerals and rain. If
mistakes or omissions occur during funeral ceremonies,
which might result in misfortune for the descendants,
the dragon kings are implored for help. Also during droughts
they are invoked to produce rain. There are various categories
of long-wang. There are the celestial dragon kings, the
dragon kings of the four oceans (who live in magnificent
palaces at the bottom of the sea), and the dragon kings
of the five cardinal points.
great dragon that lived in the river Seine (France)
and which ravaged Rouen. It was slain in the 7th century
by the Archbishop of Rouen, St. Romanus.
A messenger of the Chinese sky-god. Gou Mang is associated
with the east, and he brings spring and happiness. The
dragon is his attribute.
great dragon from Hittite mythology. It and its brood
were given large quantities of wine and other liquor by
the hero Hupasiays so they fell asleep and were then killed
by the thunder-god with his lightning.
Knife Butterfly". The Aztec
goddess of agriculture. She is mentioned as a
The Jabberwock is the eponymous central figure in a strange,
almost gibberish poem by Lewis
Carroll, called "The Jabberwocky", which appeared
in Through the Looking-glass. It was represented as a
dragon-like creature by Sir John Tenniel, who did the
illustrations for Carroll's Through the Looking Glass
and Alice in Wonderland.
A different name for dragon-like creature Bolla from Albanian
hundred-headed dragon who guards the garden of the
Hesperides and in it
the tree with the golden apples. Some sources say
that he is a child of Typhon and Echidna, other mention
the dragon as a child of Phorcys.
messager of the sky-god, similarly to Gou Mang. Ru Shou
is associated with the west, autumn and misfortune. The
dragon is his attribute.
Japanese god of the sea, called 'the Dragon King'.
The group of armed men who emerged from the dragon teeth
sown by Cadmus. They fought and
killed each other expect for five of them. Those became
the ancestors of Thebes.
known as the tunnel worm, jumping worm or mountain stump.
The tazel worm, a worm-like lizard about two to three
feet long with two or four short legs, is said to be so
poisonous that even its breath could kill a human. It
is also said to be very agressive, attacking anything
that moves. Rumored to live in the Alps, some say that
it can jump two or three yards in one bound. Its scales
are supposedly so thick that blades cannot pierce them.
An Islamic demon that looks like a dragon.
land creature often depicted as dragon-like and was the
source of mysterious deaths and inexplicable disappearances.
A creature very similar to a dragon except it only has
four limbs (2 wings, 2 hind legs) and is smaller in size.
Usually the other aspects are the same, although wyverns
are generally not characterized as breathing flame.