is the name given by the Greeks to the Egyptian god Djeheuty.
Thoth was the god of wisdom, inventor of writing, patron
of scribes and the divine mediator.
is most often represented as a man with the head of an
ibis, holding a scribal palette and reed pen. He could
also be shown completely as an ibis or a baboon.
with most Egyptian deities there were many different stories
regarding the parentage of Thoth. Many sources call him
the son of Re, but one tradition
has him springing forth from the head of Seth.
This latter story is reminiscent of the birth of the Greek
goddess Athena, who like Thoth was the patron divinity
concerning Thoth show him as a divinity whose counsel
is always sought. His most significant role is during
the battles of Horus and Seth.
Thoth is a staunch supporter of Horus and his mother Isis,
maintaining that Horus' claim to the throne is just and
the murderous Seth has no right to the kingship of Egypt.
Thoth is a reliable mediator and peacemaker. When the
goddess Tefnut had a dispute
with her father Re and absconded to Nubia, it was Thoth
that the sun-god sent to reason with her and bring her
was also present at the judgement of the dead. He would
question the deceased before recording the result of the
weighing of the deceased's heart. If the result was favorable
Thoth would declare the deceased as a righteous individual
who was worthy of a blessed afterlife.
was also a lunar deity, and whatever form he took he wore
a lunar crescent on his head. Some Egyptologists think
that the Egyptians identified the crescent moon with the
curved beak of the ibis. It is also suggested that the
Egyptians observed that baboon was a nocturnal (i.e. lunar)
animal who would greet the sun with chattering noises
he was messenger of the gods
was identified by the Greeks with their own god Hermes.
For this reason Thoth's center of worship is still known
to us today as Hermopolis.
name of Thoth in hieroglyphs: