Acharaya Pandit S. Jadoonanan Misra
is the first amongst the Hindu
worshipped as Ganesh in His first form and name. Among the
five Principal Deities, the name of Sri Ganesh comes first,
then Vishnu, Shankar (Lord
Shiva), Surya and Durga respectively.
4th tithi of the bright fortnight in the Hindu month of Bhadrapad
(August-September), this festival of Ganesh Chaturthi is observed.
The most auspicious time or Muhurth for the performance of
this celebration is midday, as said by Brihaspati and quoted
in Kala-niraya. When Chaturthi tithi is mixed with the third
and the fifth tithis,and if at midday there is Chaturthi,
the one mixed with the 3rd tithi is to be preferred. If at
midday there is no Chaturthi, but on the next day there is
Chaturthi at midday mixed with Panchmi or the 5th tithi, then
the fifth tithi is preferred.
image of Lord Ganesh, beautifully painted, is brought and
Prana Pratishta (consecration) is effected and worship is
offered to Lord Ganesh also called Vinayak, with 16 Upcharas
or steps of worship as follows:
and of course Aarte
details see Pooja.
"Modakas" (a type of sweets commonly called Ladoo) are needed
in Ganesh Pooja. Five are offered to Lord Ganesh in the Pooja,
five are offered to Brahmins (people of the priestly class)
and the remaining eleven are given to the Yajman (the active
participant in the Pooja or Yajna) to be eaten by himself
or his family.
without looking at the moon, perform Chandrama pooja (pooja
to the moon God) and offer Aarghya. Daan or charitable gifts
must be given to the main Pandit as well as any other Pandits
or Sadhus (holy men)that are present there. Dakshina should
also be offered to the Ganesh Murti. Katha (discourses) should
be read and Visarjan (final prayer) of Sri Ganesh Pooja is
to be performed.
end of the celebration, in a great procession, the image of
Lord Ganesh is immersed in a well or a tank, a river or in
the sea. It is important to know that this immersion can only
be done when the Sun moves from Simha Rasi or the House of
Leo into Kanya Rasi or the House of Virgo. This illustrates
the importance of Jyotish or Hindu Astrology.
feed the Brahmins, give them Dakshina (monetary gifts) then
partake of the Modakas or Prasad.
Texts to read.....
texts to read when Ganesh Chaturthi Pooja is performed are
worship lasts for one day and a half, two days, five days,
seven days or ten days which is until the end of Anant Chaturdasi
(14th tithi of the bright forthnight of Bhadrapad).