(Sanskrit for "auspicious one"), also called Siva, Hindu
god who personifies both the destructive and the procreative
forces of the universe.
the destroyer, he is represented wearing a necklace of skulls
and surrounded by demons.
His reproductive aspect is symbolized by the lingam, a phallic
is also the god of asceticism and of art, especially dancing.
He rides on the bull Nandi, and his consort is the mother
goddess Uma, or Kali.
Hindus worship Shiva as the supreme deity and consider him
a benevolent god of salvation as well as a god of destruction.
bronze sculpture, entitled Shiva as Nataraja (Lord
of the Dance) (about AD 1000), is one of a number
of sculptures of the Hindu god Shiva made during India's
Chola dynasty (10th century to 13th century). The
sculpture shows Shiva dancing within a circle of fire.
One of the god's hands holds a flame, while the other
beats on a drum. His foot rests on the demon of ignorance.
Art Library, London/New York
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